The ‘Bulbul-e…

The ‘Bulbul-e-Kashmir’ sings for Indo-Pak peace

Posted on December 31, 2011 by beenasarwar

This personal blog post is dedicated to an inspiring couple in Mumbai and to the editor who introduced us: May our tribe increase.

Enduring ties: Seema Sehgal at PIPFPD, Karachi, 2003, with me and my daughter Maha. Photo by Ved Bhasin.

I met Seema Sehgal in Karachi, in December 2003 at the 6th Joint Convention of thePakistan India Forum for Peace and Democracy (PIPFPD). Ved Bhasin, the respected Editor of The Kashmir Times, Jammu, introduced us. “Seema,” he said, “is known as the Bulbul-e-Kashmir (Nightingale of Kashmir).”

Ved Bhasin: Shukriya

The petite and unassuming Mumbai-based ghazal singer from Jammu has none of the airs one might expect from a performer of her calibre. She is not only an amazing artist, but she also has a deep and abiding interest in Urdu poetry and in Indo-Pak peace. When relations plummeted between the two countries following the nuclear tests of May 1998, Seema dedicated her new album ‘Sarhad’ to peace between the India and Pakistan. Indian Prime Minister A. B. Vajpayee presented the album, a compilation of Seema Sehgal’s rendering of the poetry of Ali Sardar Jafri, as a national gift to Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif at the historic Lahore summit of Feb 1999.

Seema Sehgal is the only singer in India – or Pakistan for that matter – to have composed and sung an entire concert on the poetry of Allama Iqbal, ‘Sitaron se aage jahan aur bhi hain’ (2003), produced as the first solo album based on Iqbal’s poetry. She has also composed and sung concerts of renowned Urdu poets Mir Taqi Mir (1986) and Faiz Ahmed Faiz (1988).

Through email, I became acquainted with her husband Sqn Ldr Anil Sehgal. My initial wariness at communicating with a former Indian air force pilot quickly dissipated. Anil is as passionate about music and about peace with Pakistan as his wife.

Over the years, I’ve helped them connect with friends in Pakistan for various cross-border projects. When I was looking for music for ‘Milne Do’, my documentary film on Kashmir, I saw Anil on chat and asked him to send me something of Seema’s Within seconds, I had the audio of Seema’s rendition of Ali Sardar Jafri’s marvelous ‘Guftugu Bund Na ho’. That I used for the soundtrack and it adds tremendously to the film.

A rapt and full audience at the Faiz Centenary celebrations in Karachi, Nov 2011 (Zakia Sarwar in pink)

Seema and Anil were recently in Pakistan for a Faiz Centenary event organised by the Progressive Writers Association, where by all accounts Seema blew everyone away with her heartfelt renditions of Faiz Sahib’s poetry. I was sorry to have missed their visit to my hometown but happy they were able to connect and spend some time with my mother Zakia Sarwar, also a poetry and Faiz lover, who commented, “She was clearly in her element and so touched by the ovation that she got, and to be able to perform at Faiz Sahib’s centenary celebrations in Pakistan.”

Soon after returning to Mumbai, Seema and Anil headed to Allahabad (where my father is from) to participate in PIPFP’s 8th Joint Convention. The opening day “was a very subcontinental Baraat reception,” says Danish Husain (@danhusain) ofDastangoi. “Late train, delays, ecstatic reception, dhol, dance, and hugs!”

He wasn’t able to stay beyond the opening night, so I don’t yet have an update on Seema’s performance, one of the several cultural items at the three-day long event.

A couple of months ago, Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s younger daughter Moneeza Hashmi emailed Seema and Anil explaining that an event scheduled for December that she had invited them to had to be postponed due to financial constraints.

“We understand,” responded Anil. “But we wish you to understand that we have great respect for poetry of Faiz sahib, and for you and Salima Aapa (Faiz’s older daughter).

“Seema sings poetry of substance and does not sing for money. Money is just incidental, and so are the comforts it brings… We shall love to participate in any event that you plan with his (Faiz) poetry. If you are short of resources, we shall come through Wagah and will even travel on our own from Mumbai to Amritsar & back.”

Long live the spirit of the Bulbul-e-Kashmir and her retired Indian Air Force officer.Shukriya, Ved Bhasin sahib, for the introduction.


A requiem for peace

Sunday, October 2, 2011

A requiem for peace
Nonica Singh

SOFTNESS defines, nay epitomizes, her persona. And it’s not just her melodious voice that is touched by a rare nazakat, even herandaz-e-bayan is marked by a style brimming with finesse singularly uncommon today. Seema Anil Sehgal, a Mumbai-based popular ghazal singer, who vowed listeners with her mellifluous presence in Salim Arif’s play Lakeerein in Chandigarh recently, lives by and swears by the poetry of greats.

Seema Anil Sehgal

Not surprisingly, for every question her repartee comes in a couplet. Mir Taqi Mir, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Mirza Ghalib `85 she needs little provocation or reason to hum the shayiri of great poets. Take Faiz`85. she remembers most of his poetry by heart. At a function in the US she even surprised Faiz’s daughter Moneeza Hashmi by singing some of his nazms that even the daughter hadn’t heard before.

Poetry speaks to Seema of its own volition. Not for her the sharaab, shababand kebab ki baatein her sensibilities respond only to the sublime and philosophical poetry that plumbs the depths of human hearts. And she isn’t partial to Urdu poets. Dushyant, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Gulzar, Shiv Kumar Batalvi even Dogri poets, she has sung them all.

Free verse or poetry within prescribed metre`85. she believes all kinds of poetry can be composed and sung. Of course, blank verse presents a greater challenge for unlike a ghazal, where each couplet has an independent entity, in free verse all is connected and has to be musically woven as a whole. Back in time Jnanpith award winner Ali Sardar Jafri, who felt his poetry was only meant to be recited, was suitably impressed when she sang it. The poetry turned into Sarhad the very album that Atal Bihari Vajpayee then Prime Minister of India took with him as part of peace mission to Pakistan.

Gufatgu band na ho, baat se baat chale she, who is hailed as the “Peace singer of India”, sincerely believes India Pakistan friendship is not a mirage but a possibility that can be realised. As she is all set to perform at Faiz Ghar in Pakistan she avers, “Literature can play a most important part in building bridges and mending hearts.”

So dear is the concept of India Pakistan peace to her that she consented to sing for the play Lakeerein precisely because the theme of the play dwells on Indo-Pak ties. Though she has thoroughly enjoyed her stint in the play which has had over 33 shows, she is unlikely to make singing for plays a habit. Ditto for films. She may have sung for a couple of films like Pardesi Babu and Deepti Naval’s directorial debut Do Paise Ki Dhoop Chaar Aane Ki Baarish but once again cinema is not her cup of tea.

Immersing herself deep in the multilayered metaphysical meanings of soulful poetry, bringing out its emotive content evocatively and soothingly is her forte. Music happened to her in early childhood. This singer from Jammu recalls singing her first bhajan at a temple at age seven. A poet father, training under vocalist Pandit Mani Prasad of Kirana gharana and later under the tutelage of Shanti Hiranand disciple of Begum Akhtar, firmed up both her voice and her inclination. Between Begum Akhtar and her, Seema’s fans may sense a parallel, but she has never aspired to ape the legendary singer’s style. In fact, she has studiously avoided singing ghazals synonymous with the ghazal queen for “Who can match her?”

On the dwindling popularity of ghazals she says, “Singers had brought down the standards to the level of the lowest common denominator without realising there are no short cuts to success.” Not that success, as the world understands it, matters to her. Winner of prestigious awards like Hakim Khan Sur Award for national integrity she who was felicitated at the prestigious Harvard University, Boston, USA, has never hankered after laurels or honours either.

She smiles, “We all choose our individual paths and I have decided to spread the fragrance of meaningful poetry.” And the meaning of life she finds in the eternal couplet Jahaa’n mei’n ahl-e-eemaa’n soorat-e-khursheed jeete hai’n, Idhar doobe udhar nikle, udhar doobe idhar nikle”

Indeed, true people and genuine talent can never be kept down. Irrepressible and indefatigable, they come up even if all calculations are against them. Just as Seema, moving against the current of market forces, has found her niche as well as hordes of admiring listeners.

Crossing borders with Seema Sehgal


Crossing borders with Seema Sehgal

By Rafay Mahmood
Published: November 23, 2011

Indian ghazal singer and composer Seema Sehgal’s compilation Sarhad was presented to the Pakistani government in 1999 as a national gift. In an attempt to promote cross-border collaborations, the Tehzeeb Foundation — a society for the advancement and promotion of music, literature and fine arts — invited Seema to perform at the ‘100 years of Faiz Ahmed Faiz’ celebrations held recently in Karachi.

The society has played a crucial role in preserving classical music and bringing performers from across the border to perform in Pakistan. Last year, the foundation brought the heart-warming Grammy award winner Vishwa Mohan Bhatt (who invented his own musical instrument called ‘Mohan Veena’) and this year we welcome Seema, a ghazal singer who sings for peace.

Music for peace and harmony
Hailing from Jammu Kashmir, the singer, who grew up in a hostile environment, has taken up the task of spreading peace through her music. However, she is not alone in the mission as her husband, Anil Sehgal, a former member of the Indian Air Force, shares the same dream of employing music with meaningful poetry to establish peace and communal harmony.

“Having been a part of the Indian Air Force, I know more than anyone else about the hatred that is enforced by the governments on both sides. But fortunately, people on both sides of the border want peace and that’s why we are here,” Anil tells The Express Tribune.

In 1999, when India and Pakistan’s already sour relationship took a turn for the worse following the nuclear tests a year earlier, the couple decided to work on a peace album, which later proved to be a souvenir of peace between the two countries. “Talking about Indo-Pak peace has become ‘fashionable’ these days,” adds Anil. “We, however, came up with the idea of compiling a peace album, Sarhad, when the two countries were at the brink of war.”

Sarhad consists of poems by well known Indian poet and film critic Ali Sardar Jafri. The poems are sung and composed by Seema herself. Jafri, a close friend of the late Faiz Ahmed Faiz, is known for masterpieces such as “Guftago Band Na Ho”.

However, at the time, the Sehgals had no idea that their musical effort for peace would actually become part of a greater peace process until Anil received a call from the Indian prime minister’s office. “One odd day, I got a call from the prime minister’s office and Atal Bihari Vajpayee told me that he loved Seema’s compilations of peace poems. He also said he would like to take them to Pakistan as a national gift. What else can one wish for,” says Anil excitedly.

Sarhad was presented to Nawaz Sharif, the then prime minister of Pakistan, during the historic Lahore summit in February 1999. Later, the prestigious Harvard University, US, also felicitated the poet, producer and singer-composer.

Bringing Iqbal to India
Seema also has to her credit some very interesting compositions of national poet Allama Iqbal. According to Anil, in 2003, Seema was the first to sing Iqbal live in India. “Misconceptions create pointless borders,” stresses Anil. “Pakistan made Iqbal their national poet and Iran also recognised him but we, Indians, were left without a legendary poet. Someone had to tell people that Iqbal is worth singing and celebrating even in India. After all, he is the genius behind ‘Saare Jahan Se Acha Hindustan Hamara’,” clarifies Anil. “Iqbal is melodious and great to sing,” says Seema regarding her experience of singing Iqbal.

Published in The Express Tribune, November 24th, 2011.

At Crossword Book Awards


When Salman Rushdie came calling…

It says a lot about an awards function when the performers — called to take on the role of fillers between announcements — manage to be a lot more interesting than the awards themselves.

But that is precisely what the Hutch Crossword Book Award 2005 managed to do: give us an evening of more credible performances than winners.

Seema Anil Sehgal, the ghazal singer from Jammu and Kashmir, and Rehaan Engineer, theatre personality from Mumbai, were the ones who deserved the applause. Seema Anil Sehgal, for her moving rendition of works by Faiz Ahmed Faiz and Bulleh Shah; Engineer, for his powerful reading from Salman Rushdie’s novel, Shalimar the Clown.

Seema began her recital with a haunting Dogri folksong aptly titled “wails from the mountains” in which she sang the agony of a newlywed whose husband is far away earning livelihood by working in the king’s army. Her in-laws burden her with the taxing chores and neglect her health and comforts.

“Let the mountains be burnt. I no longer wish ti live there,” she laments addressing her mother. This haunting melody in “raag Pahari” left many an eyes wet in the auditorium.

She next sang a poignant nazm (free verse) by legendary Urdu poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz, titled Lahoo Ka Surag (Trace of blood). It aptly describes a situation where the murders take place in broad daylight and yet there is no trace of blood to nab the culprits! The obvious reference is to the murders of Priyadarshini Mattoo and Jessica Lall.

Most writers didn’t show up, of course. After all, this was an award initiated to honour ‘Indian writers in English’. Which meant most nominees weren’t in the country.

Text: Lindsay Pereira. Photograph: Jewella

Dainik Jagran, New Delhi

Dainik Jagran, New Delhi

सीमा अनिल सहगल सुर से सम्मानित

जम्मू :
अपने संगीत के माध्यम से राष्ट्रीय अखंडता के क्षेत्र में उल्लेखनीय योगदान देने वाली जम्मू-कश्मीर की सुप्रसिद्ध गायिका सीमा अनिल सहगल को प्रतिष्ठित हाकिम खान सुर पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया गया।

उदयपुर के सिटी पैलेस में आयोजित एक प्रभावशाली समारोह में महाराणा प्रताप के वंशज श्रीजी अरविन्द सिंह मेवाड़ ने सीमा अनिल सहगल को पुरस्कार स्वरूप 25,001 रुपये नगद, चांदी का प्रशस्ति पत्र और दुशाला प्रदान किया।

मेवाड़ फाउंडेशन उदयपुर की ओर से अभी तक इस प्रतिष्ठित पुरस्कार से जिन प्रमुख हस्तियों को सम्मानित किया गया है उनमें स्वर कोकिला लता मंगेशकर, बौद्ध धर्म गुरु दलाईलामा, हिंदी कवि हरिवंश राय बच्चन, अभिनेता सुनील दत्त आदि शामिल हैं।

साहित्य अकादमी पुरस्कार से सम्मानित डोगरी कवि यश शर्मा की सुपुत्री सीमा अनिल सहगल विश्व की इकलौती ऐसी गायिका हैं जिनका एलबम सरहद पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री वाजपेयी अपने लाहौर दौरे में नवाज शरीफ को राष्ट्रीय सौगात के रूप में देने के लिए ले गए थे।



The poetry of Poets

Prachi Pinglay

A message of peace and harmony

Mumbai: It is difficult to estimate the effect of her singing when you meet Seema Anil Sehgal, ever so quiet. Hailing from Jammu and Kashmir, she has been singing the poetry of poets such as Kabir, Iqbal, Faraz and Nida Fazli to spread the message of peace.

On March 5, she will receive the Hakim Khan Sur Award from the Mewar Foundation instituted to honour an individual who has made a lasting contribution in the field of national integration, for the album ‘Sarhad’ dedicated to Indo-Pakistan amity. Released in 1998, it is the first ever on the poetry of Ali Sardar Jafri.

The award will be presented at a function at the City Palace, Udaipur. It will be followed by a concert by Ms. Sehgal. Lata Mangeshkar, Sunil Dutt, the Dalai Lama, Asghar Ali Engineer, Teesta Setalvad and Harivansh Rai Bachchan are some of the earlier awardees.

Ms. Sehgal’s peace efforts began when they were not yet acceptable. “When I first presented my concert a month before Godhra happened, people used to say, what is she doing? But when the riots happened, people realised the significance of the peace message,” Ms. Sehgal says.
Her husband Anil Sehgal adds: “In fact in 1998, to talk about Indo-Pakistan peace meant being labelled as anti-national or pro-Pakistani. At that time she took this message of peace from one place to another.”

Logical step

For Ms. Sehgal, it was only a logical step after getting degrees in music. “I belong to Jammu and Kashmir and I have seen people suffer. Music is my medium and I am trying to do whatever little I can do using my music. Some people say they do not read newspapers or watch television because it is all sad and depressing. On the contrary, I feel one must be aware of what is going on and do something to change the situation.”
Her husband adds: “For many years the Hindu- Muslim divide has surfaced in different ways. Be it Partition, be it riots… It is amazing how what a poet wrote a hundred years back still makes so much sense. It is very relevant today as well.”

A story

The Sehgals realise that building peace is not easy. Mr. Sehgal says: “We tell a story before the concert begins. Once there was a massive forest fire. When the whole jungle was burning, one sparrow took a long flight to a lake and got a drop of water and put it in the fire. She kept doing it till a lion asked her what was the point of putting a small drop of water. She replied, I know I cannot douse the fire by myself but if all the sparrows in the jungle put one drop each I am sure there will be some relief. Just like the sparrow, we are doing what we can. We know very well that we cannot change the world but we can do our bit.”

Peace concerts

Since January 2002, Ms. Sehgal has been singing her especially devised Peace Concerts, titled ‘Lahoo Ka Rang Ek Hai’ (the colour of blood is the same), in different parts of India to promote national integration by bringing different communities, especially Hindus and Muslims, closer together.
Across the country audiences respond to poems, which she carefully picks from a wide range of poets. The poetry could date back hundreds of years or could be as recent as the 21st century. “I study the poems very well. If I do not understand the meaning of the poems, then how will I convey it to the listeners?” she asks.

With her husband, son and daughter, Ms. Sehgal is planning to travel by road from Mumbai to Kashmir. En route they will hold concerts, talk to people and spread the message of peace and communal harmony.

© Copyright 2000 – 2006 The Hindu

Date:05/03/2006 URL:

The Kashmir Times, Jammu

The kashmir Times, Jammu

National award for
Seema Anil Sehgal

Mumbai based renowned singer-composer from Jammu & Kashmir, Seema Anil Sehgal, has been conferred the prestigious Hakim Khan Sur Award for the year 2005-2006, for her ‘lasting contribution in the field of national integration’ through her music.

Lata Mangeshkar, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Sunil Dutt, His Holiness the Dalai Lama and social activists Asghar Ali Engineer and Teesta Setalvad adorn the roll of honour for this prestigious national award.

The award instituted by the Maharana Mewar Foundation, Udaipur, in 1986, carries a cash prize of Rs 25,001/-, a silver citation and a ceremonial shawl.

The Chairman and Managing Trustee of the Foundation, Shriji Arvind Singh Mewar will present the award at a special function to be held at the Manek Chowk, The City Palace, Udaipur, on Sunday, 5 March 2006.

Seema is the only singer in the world whose voice has been presented as a national gift. It may be recalled that Prime Minister Vajpayee created history when he presented Sarhad, a music album sung and composed by Seema, as a national gift, to his erstwhile Pakistani counterpart during the historic Lahore Summit, in February 1999.

She was later felicitated at the prestigious Harvard University, Boston, USA, and is the only singer from India to receive such honour.

Seema has effectively employed her music with meaningful poetry to establish peace and communal harmony in the immediate Indian society and world at large.

Since January 2002, she has been singing her especially devised Peace Concerts, titled ‘Lahoo Ka Rang Ek Hai’, in different parts of India to promote national integration by bringing different communities of India closer; especially the two estranged communities Hindus and Muslims.

Hakim Khan Sur, in whose name this national award has been instituted, was a Pathan (from the North West frontier), who came to Mewar from Hyderabad, his city of domicile. He became a general in Rana Pratap’s army and fought to uphold the freedom and beliefs of his adopted home. He fought in the epic battle of Haldi Ghati (1576 AD) against the invading Mughal army of Emperor Akbar.

This was the first recorded instance in which the Mewar army was led by an outsider, and not one of it’s own sons. Despite being a follower of Islam fighting against his blood brothers, Hakim Khan Sur was the first to lay down his life in battle, and uphold the freedom and honour of Mewar. Even in death no one could part him from his sword, and so he was buried with full honours – sword in hand.

His sacrifice is symbolic of the supremacy of ideology over religious and communal considerations. He was committed to the principles of Manav Dharma.


The Statesman, Kolkata

Musical reward

She has been heard quite often in Kolkata regaling listeners with ghazals and other songs in programmes presented by the Manik Shahani Art Foundation.

At these programmes it was clear Seema Anil Sehgal was building bridges between people of similar cultures but separated by geographical boundaries.

Now a real reward has come for the singer-composer from Jammu and Kashmir in the form of the Hakim Khan Sur Award for the year 2005-2006 for “making a lasting contribution in the field of national integration”.

The award will be presented at a special function to be held at the City Palace, Udaipur on 5 March followed by a live concert by Seema. Lata Mangeshkar, Sunil Dutt, the Dalai Lama, Asghar Ali Engineer, Teesta Setalvad and Harivansh Rai Bachchan are some of the earlier awardees.

Widely recognised in Kashmir and other parts as the “peace singer of India”, Seema’s voice has been presented as a national gift to listeners in Pakistan.

The former Prime Minister, Atal Behari Vajpayee, presented Sarhad, a music album by her, to his Pakistani counterpart during the Lahore summit in February 1999 and it was said to have left a remarkable impression and strengthened musical bonds between the two countries.

She has performed in different parts of India and has been felicitated at Harvard.

Mid-day Metro: Mumbai

February 23, 2006

mid-day metro, mumbai

‘I sing for the peace and harmony of all
communities’. My only purpose is to establish peace and communal harmony in India through my music”

Seema Anil Sehgal
Resident of Seven Bungalows

By: Mayank Soni

IN today’s times, where we need films like Swades and Rang De Basanti to instill in us a feeling of patriotism, Seema Anil Sehgal is one citizen who has been living this credo – through singing.

A resident of Seven Bungalows, Sehgal has recently been conferred the Hakim Khan Sur Award (2005 -06) for her ‘lasting contribution in the field of national integration’, through her singing and music compositions.

The award instituted by the Maharana Mewar Foundation, Udaipur, will be presented to her at the City Palace, Udaipur, on Mar 5, followed by a live concert where she will perform.

Says 45-year-old Sehgal, “My only purpose is to establish peace and communal harmony in India by making meaningful music and singing soulful poetry.”

Sehgal believes that India has faced too many communal tensions and “music is one of the ways through which bridges can be built across communities, states and nations,” she adds.

Born in Jammu and Kashmir, Sehgal was always inclined towards singing and graduated from the Bharatiya Kala Kendra, Delhi in 1983, with a degree in Sangeet Visharad.

Sehgal began writing poetry in Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi and Dogri languages. In 1996, she came to Mumbai with her husband and started singing at small shows and concerts.

In 1998, she released the music album Sarhad, and dedicated the album to peace between India and Paksitan. Her happiest moment was when the then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee presented the album to his Pakistani counterpart in the Lahore Summit, 1999.

Since Jan 2002, Sehgal has been singing in concerts with a special theme titled, Lahoo Ka Rang Ek Hai. Says Sehgal, “I sing in different parts of the country and promote national integration. The lyrics in my songs forces people to think about the
various tensions that communities in India go through and what can be done to bring back peace.”


dainik jagran

सीमा अनिल सहगल को

हाकिम खान सुर पुरस्कार

जागरण संवाददाता, जम्मू

जम्मू-कश्मीर की सुविख्यात गायिका सीमा अनिल सहगल को संगीत के माध्यम से राष्ट्रीय अखंडता के क्षेत्र में उल्लेखनीय योगदान के लिए इस वर्ष प्रतिष्ठित हाकिम खान सुर पुरस्कार से नवाजा गया है।

मेवाड़ फाउंडेशन, उदयपुर की ओर से दिए जाने वाले पुरस्कार में 25,001 रुपये नकद, चांदी का प्रशस्ति पत्र व दुशाला शामिल है।

इस प्रतिष्ठित पुरस्कार से सम्मानित की जाने वाली प्रमुख हस्तियों में स्वर कोकिला लता मंगेशकर, कवि हरिवंश राय बच्चन, अभिनेता सुनील दत्त, बौद्ध धर्मगुरु दलाई लामा शामिल हैं।

फाउंडेशन के अध्यक्ष व प्रबंधक न्यासी अरविंद सिंह मेवाड़ 5 मार्च को उदयपुर के माणिक चौक, सिटी पैलेस में एक विशेष समारोह में उन्हें यह पुरस्कार प्रदान करेंगे।

भारत की शांति गायिका के रूप में प्रसिद्ध सीमा विश्व की इकलौती गायिका हैं जिनका एक संगीत एलबम राष्ट्रीय सौगात के रूप में प्रदान किया गया था।

पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री वाजपेयी ने 1999 में लाहौर दौरे के दौरान पाक के तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री नवाज शरीफ को सीमा अनिल सहगल की एक संगीत एलबम सरहद राष्ट्रीय सौगात के रूप में प्रदान की थी।